Meybod a major desert city in Yazd Province, Iran with a population of about 75,000 making it the second major city in Yazd.
It is an ancient city that goes back to pre-Islamic arena and, hence, is the home to many ancient points of interests. The Historical City of Maybod is part of the Tentative List in order to qualify for inclusion in the World Heritage List.
It was the capital of Iran during the Mozaffarid period. Mozaffari kingdom originated from Meybod where the first king was born. One of the oldest castles in Iran is Narin ghaleh in Meybod, which dates back from the Sasanid. Chaparkhaneh and Karvansaraye Abbasi are some other examples of the historical buildings from Safavid era.
Many important major poets, Sufis, clergymen and politicians came from Meybod. Meybodi, the author of "Kashf-ol-Asrar", Grand Ayatollah Haeri, Hossein Makki and many others lived in Maybod, to name a few.
Tourist Attraction :
Narenj (Narin) Castle This building, which in colloquial language is called Narenj Castle, is one of the most important relics of the province dating back to the period before the advent of Islam to Iran, and has been recorded as one of the national buildings. This ancient castle has been constructed on the top of Galeen hill and overlooks the city. It seems that upper floors of the building have been reconstructed and belong to the Islamic era. A section of the building was destroyed in the course of road construction during the reign of Pahlavi II.
This dovecote tower belongs to Qajar time ( 1800s AD) & located just near the Narin Castle ( around 800 meter ) . Dovecote towers where used throughout Iran to collect the pigeon & dove’s dung ( manure ) which is a very useful fertilizer . Meybod Dovecot tower is a two story building which can house 4000 pigeons . there is a plastered ring around the tower in white color to prevent repltiles like snakes to get in & disturb the birds inside . some big bowls are installed on the roof to water the birds in the hot seasons . interior architecture is also a masterpiece as it is built in a way to prevent the whole structure from destruction caused by birds vibration while they flutter .
Chaparkhaneh (Old Post Office)
Chaparkhaneh of Meybod dates back to Qajar era which is registered in the list of Iran’s national monuments with registration number 2767. It has been one of the major post offices and chapars in the past that was established on the ancient Rey-Kerman Road and beside Meybod Inn.
Chaparkhaneh duty was to keep and treat a few fresh horses and messengers to quickly snet and transfer important letters and trust properties. Hence, chaparkhanehs were built in the form of castles so that they can be protected and this importance can be clearly seen in its high towers and walls and the holes for watching, shooting and its appropriate defence position. This adobe building is given in trust to the Department of Post in Yazd Province to be used and turned into a museum.
The historical adobe fridge in Meybod in Yazd is one of the sights in this city. The fridge with a history that goes back to the time before Qajar period (probably Safavid era) is one of the few fridges remaining in Yazd Province that is made of adobe and mud. The main parts of this elegant monument include shadow-caster walls, ice pond, fridge tank and a dome.
Ice production process was this way that they would lead stream or aqueduct water down to ice ponds during cold nights in winter so that a thick, presses and multi-layered ice can be formed on icebounds. They break the ice and put in pachals when it is formed. Then they pour water between the ice pieces to make them pressed. This will make them longer before they melt. The water gained from melting the ice is not left aside. A narrow water stream was seen down the pachal to lead the negligible amount of water obtained from melting ice to the well.