Afsharid and Zand Dynasties (1736-1779) 17/10/2018




1729-1747 :The rule of Nader Shah
1732-1799 : The life of George Washington, the first US president
1738  : Nader Shah occupies Qandahar and Delhi
1750-1779 : The rule of Karimkhan Zand
1757 : Karim Khan places on the throne the infant Shah Ismail III
1762-1796 : The rule of Catherine the Great, Empress of Russia
1776 : The American Delaration of Independene 
1779-1794 : Civil War in Iran

Safavid Territories


After a disastrous but brief Afghan occupation, the country was united under the power of Tahmasb Qoli, a chief of the Afshar tribe. He expelled the Afghans in the name of surviving Safavid members, but soon dethroned them and was himself crowned as Nader Shah. He chose Mashhad as his capital. Nader's ultimate goal was to restore the glory and prestige of his country by regaining its former territories and wealth. He drove the Ottomans from Georgia and Armenia and the Russians from the Iranian coast on the Caspian Sea, and restored Iranian sovereignty over Afghanistan. He also took his army on a campaigns into India, bringing back fabulous treasures. Among them were two of the world's largest diamonds, the Mountain of Light (now part of the

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