Bisotun 06/01/2019





UNESCO World Heritage Site (since 2006)
Kermanshah > Bisotun 
Hours Open : 08:00-18:30
Entrance Fee : 20T
Historical Period : Achaemenid



On the sacred mountain of Bisotun in western Iran’s Kermanshah province is a remarkable multilingual inscription carved on a limestone cliff about 60 m above the plain. Located along one of the main routes linking Persia with Mesopotamia, the inscription is illustrated by a life-sized bas-relief of its creator, the Achaemenid (Persian) king Darius I, and other figures. It is unique, being the only known monumental text of the Achaemenids to document a specific historic event, that of the re-establishment of the empire by Darius I the Great. Moreover, Bisotun is an outstanding testimony to the important interchange of human values on the development of monumental art and writing, reflecting ancient traditions in monumental bas-reliefs. The inscription, which has three versions of the same text written in three different languages, was the first cuneiform writing to be deciphered in the 19th century.

 The inscription at Bisotun (meaning “place of gods”), which is about 15 m high by 25 m wide, was created on the orders of King Darius I in 521 BC. Much of it celebrates his victories over numerous pretenders to the Persian Empire’s throne. The inscription was written in three different cuneiform script languages: Old Persian, Elamite, and Babylonian. Once deciphered in the 19th century, it opened the door to previously unknown aspects of ancient civilizations. In that sense, the inscription at Bisotun has had a value for Assyriology comparable to that of the Rosetta Stone for Egyptology.

 The monumental bas-relief associated with the text includes an image of King Darius holding a bow as a sign of sovereignty, and treading on the chest of a figure which lies on his back before him. According to legend, the figure represents Gaumāta, the pretender to the throne whose assassination led to Darius’ rise to power. This symbolic representation of the Achaemenid king in relation to his enemy reflects traditions in monumental bas-reliefs that date from ancient Egypt and the Middle East, and which were subsequently further developed during the Achaemenid and later empires.

 The 187-ha site of Bisotun also features remains from prehistoric times to the Median period (8th to 7th centuries BCE) as well as from the Achaemenid (6th to 4th centuries BCE) and post-Achaemenid periods. Its most significant period, however, was from the 6th century BCE to the 6th century CE.


Quick Search
Popular Posts
Bagh-e-Melli
Bagh-e-Melli

29/10/2018


Eram Gardens
Eram Gardens

26/10/2018


Meybod
Meybod

24/10/2018


Golestan Palace
Golestan Palace

15/10/2018


Shahcheragh
Shahcheragh

26/10/2018



Persepolis
Persepolis

26/10/2018



Pasargadae
Pasargadae

25/10/2018


Saadabad Palace
Saadabad Palace

20/10/2018





Vakil Mosque
Vakil Mosque

26/10/2018



Quran Gate
Quran Gate

26/10/2018





Shahr-i Sokhta
Shahr-i Sokhta

14/01/2019


Takht-e Soleyman
Takht-e Soleyman

05/01/2019



Yazd
Yazd

25/10/2018


The Nature Bridge
The Nature Bridge

19/10/2018



Hafiz Memorial
Hafiz Memorial

26/10/2018




Vank Cathedral
Vank Cathedral

24/10/2018





Vakil Bath House
Vakil Bath House

26/10/2018


Abyaneh Village
Abyaneh Village

22/10/2018



Vakil Bazaar
Vakil Bazaar

26/10/2018


Maymand
Maymand

14/01/2019




Fin Gardens
Fin Gardens

20/10/2018




Yazd Water Museum
Yazd Water Museum

25/10/2018



Niavaran Palace
Niavaran Palace

19/10/2018



Yazd Fire Temple
Yazd Fire Temple

25/10/2018







Qavam Mansion
Qavam Mansion

26/10/2018








Bisotun
Bisotun

06/01/2019



Soltaniyeh Dome
Soltaniyeh Dome

06/01/2019


Gonbad-e Qabus
Gonbad-e Qabus

14/01/2019


Bam Citadel
Bam Citadel

06/01/2019


Tchogha Zanbil
Tchogha Zanbil

05/01/2019








Hamedan
Hamedan

25/10/2018





Milad Tower
Milad Tower

20/10/2018


Towers of Silence
Towers of Silence

25/10/2018


Zoorkhaneh Sports
Zoorkhaneh Sports

25/10/2018