Timurid and Turkman Rulers (1389-1508) 17/10/2018




1360-1411 : Jalayrid rule in northwestern Iran
1380-1393 : Tamerlane conquers Iran
1405  : Tamerlane's death; the succession of his son Shahrokh
1406-1469 : The rule of the Qara-Quyunlu dynasty
1411-1492 : The life of Jami, the last important Persian classic poet
1429 : Jeanne d'Arc becomes the heroine in France
1439-1467 : The rule of Jahan Shah, the most prominent Qara-Quyunlu ruler
1447-1452 : The rule of Ulugh-Beik, Timur's grandson, who is better remembered in history as a great scientist
1452-1519 : The life of Leonardo de Vinci
1455-1536 : The life of Behazd, one of the major Persian painters
1467-1508 : The rule of Aq-Quyunlu dynasty
1467-1490 : The rule of Uzun Hasan Aq-Qyuynlu
1478-1506 : The rule of Hossein Bayqara
1500 : Overthrow of the Timurids


Timurid Territories


Tamerlane (Timur), who claimed descent from Genghis Khan's family, was the next ruler to achieve the status of emperor. He did not have the huge forces of earlier Mongol leaders had, so his conquests were slower than those of Genghis Khan or Hulagu Khan. Ironically, this ruthless warrior and appall-ing killer was a great patron of arts and initiated a true civilization with a center in Samarciand. Timur was famed for his great interest in unorthodox re-ligious beliefs, among them Sufism, which developed considerably in his time. Under Timur's son Shah-rokh and grandson Ulugh Beik the Iranian culture began to flourish. Their capital, Herat, was turned into the seat of splendid culture, the atelier of great miniature painters, and the home for a revival of Persian sciences and arts. The Timurid Empire, how-ever, disintegrated rapidly after Ulugh Beik's death. After the Timurid princes, Iran was dominated, particularly in its northern I The famous dome with Allah-Allah motif in Ardabil crowns the mausoleum of Sheikh Safi al-Din, the great ancestor of the Safavid dynasty.

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